Please click on the research paper title to take you to an online summary of the research
Changes of renal blood flow during organ-associated foot reflexology measured by color Doppler sonography (Reflexology speeds up blood flow)
Sudmeier, Bodner et al. 1999
Conclusion (from Abstract)
‘… findings support the hypothesis that organ-associated foot reflexology is effective in changing renal blood flow during therapy. ‘
Oleson and Flocco, 1993
These clinical findings support the use of ear, hand, and foot reflexology for the treatment of PMS.
A pilot study of the effectiveness of reflexology in treating idiopathic constipation in women. (Reflexology speeds up elimination processes)
Woodward, Norton and Barriball, 2010.
This study shows that in this sample reflexology has potential benefit for treating idiopathic constipation in women. Further randomised trials are required.
The effects of foot reflexology on anxiety and physiological parameters among candidates for bronchoscopy: A randomized controlled trial
Foot reflexology relieved anxiety and reduced physiological symptoms in the candidates for bronchoscopy. Consequently it could be used as a non-invasive non-pharmacological remedy for individuals awaiting invasive diagnostic procedures such as bronchoscopy.
Pain intensity at all the three stages of cervical dilatation was significantly lower in the reflexology group. During the 4-5 cm dilatation stage, women in the supported group reported less severe pain compared to those receiving routine care, but no significant differences at the later stages of labor. This indicates that reflexology could decrease the duration of first, second and third stages of labor.
Our findings showed that reflexology can be useful to decrease the pain intensity as well as duration of labor.
Results from a pilot randomised controlled trial exploring the effects of antenatal reflexology on labour outcomes
Julie Em Mccullough; Ciara Close; S Dianne Liddle and Marlene Sinclair
- Reflexology is being recommended by midwives and used by women during pregnancy and labour with a limited evidence base.
- Antenatal reflexology may reduce the duration of the second stage of labour for primiparous women with low back and/ or pelvic girdle pain.
- Reflexology is safe to use during pregnancy.
- Pregnant women enjoy reflexology and find it beneficial.
Reflexology for the treatment of pain in people with multiple sclerosis: a double-blind randomised sham-controlled clinical trial
Precision reflexology was not superior to sham, however, both treatments offer clinically significant improvements for MS symptoms via a possible placebo effect or stimulation of reflex points in the feet using non-specific massage.
(Note – sham treatment was a foot massage aimed at avoiding stimulation of reflex points)
Reflexology appears to offer promise as a treatment in the management of LBP; however, an adequately powered trial is required before any more definitive pronouncements are possible.
(Note LBP is Low Back Pain; an adequately powered trial means that a larger study with more participants is needed before a definite link between the reflexology and improvements in low back pain are made)
Gunnarsdottir TJ1, Peden-McAlpine C.
To explore the effects of reflexology on pain and other symptoms in women with fibromyalgia syndrome [FM].
METHODS:Multiple case study method as developed by Stake was used to investigate the effects of reflexology on six cases of women with FM which were given ten sessions of weekly reflexology. Data were collected with observation, interviews and diary and then analyzed within cases and across cases.
RESULTS:Reflexology affected the symptom of pain in multiple areas such as head, neck and arms. Pain started to isolate and decrease.
CONCLUSION:Reflexology may be helpful to decrease fibromyalgia symptoms. Qualitative research methods and individually tailored interventions are important when researching complementary and alternative therapies.
1) Reflexology for Fertility – A Practitioners’ Guide To Natural and Assisted Conception
Author – Barbara Scott MBRA MARR
2) The 4 Pillar Plan: How to Relax, Eat, Move and Sleep Your Way to a Longer, Healthier Life
Author – Dr Rangan Chatterjee
3) The Stress Solution: 4 steps to a calmer, happier, healthier you
Author – Dr Rangan Chatterjee